A new study published in the journal Nature Communications indicates the impact of climate change on the Amazon rainforests. The study signifies that the Climate crisis could turn 40% of the Amazon rainforest into savanna.
The lead author of the study, Arie Staal, said, “In around 40 percent of the Amazon, the rainfall is now at a level where the forest could exist in either state — rainforest or savanna, according to our findings,”
Why rainforests are important for us:
Rainforests play a very important role in keeping our planet healthy. They are not a source of stunning natural beauty but also are home to half of the Earth’s wildlife and at least two-thirds of its plant species.
Rainforests help in maintaining the world’s water cycle. They also absorb carbon dioxide and release the oxygen that we depend on for our survival.
Rain-forests are highly sensitive
The rate of deforestation, forest fires, changes in rainfall, and prolonged droughts could have significant impacts on rainforests. These changes may result in shifting rainforests into a savannah-like mix of woodland and grassland.
The study says that about 40% of the existing Amazon rainforest has reached this point. Now, this part of the Amazon is receiving lesser rainfall and is at the point where it could exist as a savanna instead of a rainforest.
Staal said, “Drier conditions make it harder for the forest to recover and increase the flammability of the ecosystem,”