Beresheet, Israel’s first spacecraft, was scheduled to land on the moon on April 11. Instead, it failed and crashed on the moon’s surface because the engine stalled in the last few minutes of the descent. An Israeli nonprofit organization, SpaceIL launched the country’s first moon mission.
Israel’s mission was the first of this kind for the small country. Had it been successful, Israel would have become the fourth in the line of countries to complete a lunar landing.
How the First Moon Mission Went
According to CNN’s article, Opher Doron, the manager of Israel Aerospace Industries’ Space Division, said in a statement “I am sorry to say that our spacecraft did not make it in one piece to the moon”, and added “We made it all the way to the moon. This is a great accomplishment. We are the seventh country to make it all the way to the moon.”
Israelis launched the spacecraft in late February from Cape Canaveral in Florida. It orbited Earth and soon reached the moon’s orbit in early April. After several orbits around the moon, it detected the Sea of Serenity, a volcanic plain where it was set to land.
The $100 million worth spacecraft lost communication with the mission control during landing. Except for the issues in communication, the program managers noticed problems in the lander’s main engine.
Shortly before it lost contact, Beresheet was traveling at about 2,110 mph. It was 74 miles from the Sea of Serenity landing site. It crashed due to the engine failure and the speed it was traveling at.
The Primary Goal of Beresheet
As stated by Science News, “Beresheet carried a handful of scientific instruments onboard, including cameras and a device to measure magnetic fields. But science was only SpaceIL’s No. 2 priority for their small, scrappy spacecraft. The primary goal of Beresheet was a successful landing that would help create an “Apollo Effect” to inspire Israeli students to pursue science and engineering. The mission even inspired a children’s book, “The Little Spacecraft.”