Scientists Zap Glass into Transparent Semiconductors with Lasers

By: | February 3rd, 2024

Energy-Harvesting Windows

Imagine windows not only allowing in light but also harvesting its energy. Envision touchscreens embedded directly into glass surfaces without compromising clarity. This futuristic vision might be inching closer to reality, thanks to a groundbreaking discovery by a team of scientists from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) and Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech). They have successfully transformed ordinary glass into a “transparent” semiconductor using nothing more than a femtosecond laser.

Using femtosecond lasers, researchers transformed traditional insulating glass into a conductor for electronics, overcoming limitations and unlocking new possibilities.

The Secret to the Transformation

Laser beams interact at the atomic level, breaking bonds and rearranging atoms within the glass. This results in intricate patterns of semiconductor-like structures made of tellurium and its oxide, enabling the glass to conduct electricity.

Laser-induced atomic changes turn regular glass into a “transparent semiconductor,” enabling both electrical conductivity and optical transparency, a unique breakthrough distinct from traditional semiconductors.

This discovery unleashes possibilities like windows turning into solar panels and touchscreens seamlessly integrated into glass. Beyond aesthetics, applications extend to sensors, light-emitting devices, and invisible next-gen electronics.

The Road Ahead: Refining and Realizing the Potential

Although still in its early stages, the research holds immense implications. The team is refining the laser writing process and delving into the full potential of this innovative material. Ongoing research and development could lead to a future where glass evolves beyond its conventional role, becoming a pivotal element in a new era of electronics and beyond.

Nidhi Goyal

Nidhi is a gold medalist Post Graduate in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences.

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