Scientists have long believed that water exits on the moon. But now, this belief has finally been confirmed by a team of scientists, led by Shuai Li of the University of Hawaii and Brown University, and including Richard Elphic from NASA’s Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley. Definitive evidence of water ice on the moon has been directly observed in the cold, dark places near the north and south poles.
India’s Chandrayaan-1 orbiter has found “frozen water deposits in polar regions of the moon”
M3, an imaging spectrometer onboard the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, has confirmed the presence of solid ice on the moon. It collected data that showed the reflective properties expected from ice, as well as the unique way its molecules absorb infrared light.
The Indian Space Research Organization is planning to launch Chandrayaan-2 in the first week of January 2019. ISRO chairman K. Sivan said further exploration will help us to find out if humans can inhabit the moon in the future.
Sivan said, “The three key components of Chandrayaan-2 — orbiter, lander and rover—will carry 13 payloads for mapping terrain and look for minerals, water or ice formations.”
According to NASA officials, “With enough ice sitting at the surface — within the top few millimeters — water would possibly be accessible as a resource for future expeditions to explore and even stay on the moon, and potentially easier to access than the water detected beneath the moon’s surface.”