As per scientists like Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking, it is the right time to start searching for a new home in the universe.
Stephen Hawking says we humans have only 1000 years on earth before we are wiped out.
Considering this, NASA has decided to set up and support two Space Technology Research Institutes (STRIs) to help explore deep space and prepare humanity to colonize elsewhere in the solar system. To achieve this goal, NASA will spend about $30 million over the next five years.
Each of these two STRIs will receive up to $15 million from NASA for the period of five years.
One of the two STRIs is CUBES or the Center for Utilization of Biological Engineering in Space. CUBES will focus on using microbes to make food, fuel, materials, and pharmaceuticals. By providing this biomanufacturing system, NASA intends to make the astronauts more self-sufficient.
The second STRI is the Institute for US-COMP or Ultra-Strong Composites by Computational Design. Its goal is to manufacture lightweight and super strong aerospace material using carbon-nanotube technology.